[JMC] Gender differences in dishonesty

Adrián Muñoz García

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Dishonesty has an enormous impact in Economy. Such impact can cause the «tiny» amount of billions of annual losses in workplaces. Therefore, the efforts of explaining Dishonesty behaviorally have considerably grown. One of the main questions yet to be answered is referred to the gender differences: Do men dishonestly behave more/less than women? There is still no clear consensus about who lie/cheat more, however, research has been growing and new novel experimental designs have unlocked some of the barriers literature had been facing. In this work, we study gender differences in dishonesty in a large sample (2452 valid participants) using a variation of the classical paradigm “Die-under-cup”. This novel configuration allows us not only to observe dishonesty individually but to identify dishonest profiles according to how participants behave. Results suggest there are no significant differences in dishonesty between genders when there is no reward, however with small rewards women are more prone to behave honestly than men; women are more conformist. Besides, we found a higher proportion of men that maximized the reward by being more “Radicals”. Results provide new novel insights into the area and open new research trends discussed in this work.


Dishonesty, Gender Differences, Behavioral Economy, Experimental Research, Deception, Die-Under-Cup.

Adrián Muñoz García, Ph.D candidate at Universidad Autónoma de Madrid under the supervision of Prof. David Pascual Ezama and Prof. Beatriz Gil-Gómez de Liaño. Adrián got his AB in Psychology in 2017 and completed his Master in Methods in Behavioral and Clinical Sciences in 2019.  He has been awarded with a scholarship financed by the CAM (Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid) to develop his dissertation “Deception and cognitive processes in incentivized non-supervised tasks”. He is also an Entrepreneur and passionate about sport and the mountain.